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Австралия

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Your Journey Guide to...

Australia

 

 

Land - Australia is the sixth largest country as well as the smallest continent. It lies in the Southern Hemisphere where the seasons are the exact opposite than the ones in the Northern Hemisphere. In other words it means that instead of July though August being the hottest months of the year they're the coldest, while December through February are the hottest ones.

Australia Map

Mountains - The Australian Alps are located in the southern part of the Eastern Highlands. They consist of several ranges; one of them is the Snowy Mountains which is home to Mount Kosciusko - the tallest mountain in Australia. During winter all the mountains are covered in a blanket of snow, which attracts many skiers.

Playas

Deserts - One third of Australia is covered with deserts. The biggest ones are The Simpson Desert, the Gibson, Great Sandy, and Great Victoria. In some of these deserts you can find dunes that are up to 200 miles long! Though you may think all of them are full of dunes and sand, the Gibson isn't. It is located outside the path of the general wind direction and therefore its surface consists of small stones and pebbles.

Lakes - Most water filled lakes in Australia are manmade. The natural lakes are called playas because they're usually dry and fill up only after a heavy rain. Some of the most famous playas are Lake Eyre, Lake Torrents, Lake Gairdner, and Lake Frome. So, if you're going swimming you might as well use a manmade lake, unless you want to jump into dry clay and salt!

Platypus

Artesian Water - Australia has lots of underground water, but most of it is too salty for people to drink. Not all of the water is salty though, and many people dig wells for their livestock to drink. Most of the underground water is also artisan water. This kind of water is trapped underground with so much pressure that it gushes out with full force through any hole it can find. Because of this water doesn't need to be pumped all people need to do is dig a well and the water gushes out.

Native Animals - Australia's native animals are mostly marsupials, which include kangaroos, koalas, wallabies, and wombats. Marsupials are animals that give birth to very poorly developed offspring and raise them in pouches. The platypus and the echidna (not marsupials), are the only mammals in the world that hatch their young from eggs. Australia is also the home of the world's only black swans, as well as to 700 species of native birds. Most of the 140 species of snakes living in Australia are poisonous, as well as the tiger snake and the taipan which are considered to be among the most deadly kinds in the world. Don't think about cancelling your trip so fast because I think you will be pleased to find that the 370 species of lizards living in Australia are all non-poisonous.

Native Plants - The eucalyptuses and the acacias are the two main native kinds of plants in Australia. There are 500 species of eucalyptuses. They're the tallest trees in the country, and have an odour that comes from their leaves which contain fragrant oil. Though they are native to Australia, eucalyptuses have been planted in other warm areas along the equator (you may have even climbed one!). Australia has 700 species of acacias; they can be recognized by their brightly coloured flowers.

Blue Starfish: Great Barrier ReefGreat Barrier Reef Top

The Great Barrier Reef - The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. It consists of over 2900 individual reefs and 900 islands. There are many kinds of colourful fish living in the reef, such as the clownfish, the red bass, and the red-throat emperor. There is also a big variety of sea turtles, starfish, dolphins, and a lot of other animals. The beauty of the Great Barrier Reef is mainly because of all the colourful animals that live there, it makes the reef look like a lovely sea garden. You might consider taking a dive in it while you're there, you won't be disappointed!

 

Eve, 12


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